Biodegradable plastics are non-toxic since they contain no chemicals or poisons in contrast to other types of plastics that can release dangerous compounds, especially if burnt, and decompose more quickly when thrown.

Fremont, CA: There are two groups of biodegradable polymers. These are plastics derived from petrochemicals with biodegradable additives and bioplastics manufactured from renewable raw resources. These plastic materials, which were developed to reduce pollution from plastic pollutants, decompose over time. However, using these materials has both benefits and drawbacks.

Benefits of Biodegradable Plastics 

• Reducing carbon emissions

The low air emissions of carbon during the production of bioplastics are one benefit associated with the usage of biodegradable plastics. Bioplastics emit just about.8 tonnes of carbon, which contributes to the greenhouse effect and global warming, as opposed to the four tonnes of emissions produced by the regular manufacture of plastics.

• Consumes Less Energy

Biodegradable polymers are manufactured with less energy and without the need for recycled fossil fuels. Traditional plastics, on the other hand, require the combustion of fossil fuels during manufacture and need more energy overall. More bioplastics can get produced while using less energy and reducing the environmental pollution.

• Need for Less Landfill Space

In order to dispose of non-biodegradable plastics, landfills are helpful. As a result, landfills got built on property that could have been helpful for industrial, residential, or agricultural purposes. Since bioplastics may be absorbed by the soil and transformed into compost or humus, there is no need to build other landfills if bioplastics are employed.

• Recyclable

Biodegradable plastics are non-toxic since they contain no chemicals or poisons in contrast to other plastics that can release dangerous compounds, especially if burnt, and decompose more quickly when thrown. They can also get recycled.

• Need for Composters

The drawback of utilizing biodegradable plastics is that they require industrial composters to convert into composts, and access to the machinery in some nations can be challenging. In addition to the expense, not all countries have the necessary tools, particularly if the government does not prioritize this. The bioplastics that must get treated in the end won't be disposed of appropriately.

• Engineering Issues

These bioplastics are made from plants, which mean they originate from organic farms where crops like maize and soybeans are grown. However, pesticides that include chemicals that can taint crops and be transmitted to or incorporated into the completed product get sprayed on these organic plants.